We routinely perform basic and complex surgical procedures at our hospital. Before surgery, a clinical exam and consultation with a surgeon is necessary. A clinical examination includes hematological and biochemical blood tests, X-rays, and a USG examination. In some patients, it is also advisable to perform a cardiological examination prior to anesthesia. The extent of the pre-operative examinations depends on the planned procedure, the age and overall health of the animal and the surgery plan and postoperative management are then consulted with the surgeon.
Even in young animals it is advisable to at least conduct a basic blood test analysis which can help us detect hidden diseases and prevent possible complications during anesthesia and recovery. This is important even for elective surgeries such as a ovariohysterectomy or castrations. Planned surgical procedures are carried out on weekdays, with patients who are receiving surgery usually admitted between 9 am - 11 am. Patients should come with a 12-hour hunger strike, and it is also advisable not to drink for about two hours before the procedure. However, the duration of the hunger strike may vary according to the nature of the procedure, the age and overall condition of the animal.
For patients at higher risk, such as diabetics, stabilization on intravenous infusion therapy beginning the previous day is recommended. The time schedule of surgeries during the day is determined by the surgeon. Occasionally, there may be an urgent unplanned procedure (caesarean section, trauma, gastrointestinal obstruction, etc.) - in which case, of course, the emergency patient takes priority in surgery.
The vast majority of surgical procedures are performed with inhalation anesthesia (Isoflurane). Our anesthesia induction is intravenous and uses a drug protocol which is adequate for the patient and their health.
During surgery, the patients body temperature, blood pressure, ECG, capnography, and pulse oximetry are continuously monitored. At the same time, infusions and medication are administered intravenously.
The awakening of each patient after surgery is supervised by our hospitalization doctor and veterinary assistant. Some patients, who are older, or whose medical conditions require it, are awoken in an oxygen chamber.
Patients after ordinary surgical procedures are released with the appropriate medications for home care the day of their surgery - usually in the afternoon. Patients who undergo more complex procedures or are at a greater risk of, for example, metabolic or cardiological complications, remain hospitalized until they are stable, which may take several days. Every patient who is released to their owner is conscious, able to walk unassisted, and is equipped with the necessary medications and protective equipment - collar, bandage material, or special postoperative shirts. Of course we have a meeting with the owner about the care of each pet that is released home after all surgeries.
In case of any uncertainty or additional questions from the owner, or any unforeseen complications, it is possible to give us a call or schedule a visit at any time.
We also carry out endoscopic examinations - esophagoscopy, gastroscopy, colonoscopy and bronchoscopy. Diagnostic endoscopy with sample collection for further examination - histopathological, bacteriological, mycological and virological. The most common type of endoscopy at our hospital is a therapeutic endoscopy - such as the removal of foreign bodies, removal of polyps, cysts, etc.
It is necessary to schedule an appointment or call in advance for endoscopies.
Cryotherapy is a method which uses deep freezing of pathological tissue with a jet of liquid nitrogen in order to treat the area. This will destroy the cells of undesirable tissue (usually tumors), which are gradually separated from the underlying tissue layers and spontaneously replaced by healthy cells. The advantage for our patients is little to no pain - and the possibility to use this method without anesthesia or using only local anesthesia. By using different size nozzles we can achieve precise localization and fine dosing of the jet. This minimizes damage to the surrounding healthy tissue and does not cause bleeding of the treated site. This method is used not only in surgery, but also in dermatology, ophthalmology, and oncology.