A Cytological examination is a diagnostic method for evaluating the morphology (microscopic appearance) of cells of individual tissues and organs and changes caused by disease or external influences.
Because of its ease of use and useful information which it provides, cytology has become a routine part of our diagnostic approach to our patients and their various health problems. Cytological specimens can be obtained by imprinting, scraping, or using thin needle biopsies of various bodily changes, quickly, easily and in most cases without the need for patient sedation. In many cases, once these specimens are stained, and viewed under a microscope they form beautiful images which are truly incredible to observe!
Cytological specimens commonly obtained at our hospital:
- Blood smears as an integral part of hematological examinations
- Urinary sediment as part of urine examinations
- Ear canal swabs
- Skin and subcutaneous changes which most often manifest as a palpable mass which the pets owners discover
- Effusion which is (pathological fluid in the thoracic and/or abdominal cavities
- Enlarged lymph nodes or altered organs of the thoracic and/or abdominal cavity
- Secretions obtained during surgery, bronchoscopy, endoscopy, etc
We use the results of cytological examinations to:
- Determine the cause of disease (distinguishing inflammatory changes from cancerous ones)
- Determine the cause of inflammation (distinguishing infectious - bacterial, parasitic, fungal disease from reactions to the presence of a foreign body or autoimmune diseases)
- Histological examination of cancer processes
- Therapeutic steps (such as determining the necessity for surgery during cavitary bleeding, determining the extent of surgery in oncology operations).
Cytological information helps us to improve the quality of care for our patients and to address the cause of the ongoing problem. We also cooperate with recognized veterinary cytologists across Europe so we can provide top level care.